General Lighting Requirements for Photosynthesis; D.R.Geiger

Regulation of Assimilate Partitioning by Daylength and Spectral Quality; S.Britz

Spectral Composition of Light and Growing of Plants in Controlled Environments; A.A.Tikhomirov

Optimization of Lamp Spectrum for Vegetable Growth; L.B. Prikupets and A.A. Tikhomirov (Short Report)

Effects of Radiation Quality, Intensity, and Duration on Photosynthesis and Growth; B.Bugbee

Light Period Regulation of Carbohydrate Partitioning; H.W. Janes (Short Report)

Leaf Absorbance and Photosynthesis; K.Schurer (Short Report)


Non-Photosynthetic (Phytochrome)

Phytochrome-Mediated Responses Implications for Controlled Environment Research Facilities; H.Smith

History and Applications in Controlled Environments; R.J. Downs

Plant Photomorphogenesis and Canopy Growth; C.L.Ballaré and A.L. Scopel

Phytochrome, Plant Growth and Flowering; R.W.King and D.J. Bagnall


Non-Photosynthetic (Blue and Ultraviolet)

Lighting Considerations in Controlled Environments for Nonphotosynthetic Plant Responses to Blue and Ultraviolet Radiation; M.Caldwell and S.D. Flint

UV-A/Blue-Light Responses in Algae; H.Senger and D.Hermsmeier

Requirements of Blue, UV-A, and UV-B Light for Normal Growth of Higher Plants, as Assessed by Action Spectra for Growth and Related Phenomena; T. Hashimoto



Effects of Light on Brain and Behavior; G.Brainard

Ocular Hazards of Light; D.Sliney

Energy Policy Act of 1992; C.Baxter




Spectral Comparisons of Sunlight and Different Lamps; G. Deitzer (Short Report)

Discharge Lamp Technologies; J. Dakin

Fluorescent and High Intensity Discharge Lamp Use In Chambers and Greenhouses; R.Langhans

Management of Flourescent Lamps in Controlled Environment Chambers; M.Romer (Short Report)

Dimming of Metal Halide Lamps; K.Schurer (Short Report)

Enhancement of Efficiency in the Use of Light for Cultivation of Plants in Controlled Ecological Systems; A.L. Mashinsky, V.I. Oreshkin, and G.S.Nechitailo (Short Report)

Systems of Artificial Lighting on the Phytotron of Plant Breeding and Genetic Institute (Odessa); A.Chernozubov (Short Report)

Martorvásár Phytotron; T.Tichenor (Short Report)

Xenon Lighting Adjusted to Plant Requirements; M.Köfferlein, T.Döhring, H.D.Payer, and H.K.Seidlitz

Efficient, Full-Spectrum, Long-Lived, Non-Toxic Microwave Lamp for Plant Growth; D.A. MacLennan, B.P. Turner, J.T. Dolan, M.G. Ury, and P. Gustafson

Light Emitting Diodes as a Plant Lighting Source; R.Bula, D.J. Tennessen, R.C. Morrow, and T.W. Tibbitts



The Physics of Light Distribution in Hollow Structures; L.Whitehead

Comparisons of Luminaires: Efficacies and System Design; L.D.Albright and A.J. Both

Luminaire Layout: Design and Implementation; A.J.Both (Short Report)

Lighting Installations; K.Schurer (Short Report)

Oscillating Lamp Fixture for Growing Areas; H. Hiatt (Short Report)

Use of Prismatic Films to Control Light Distribution; K.G.Kneipp

Principles and Characteristics of Optical Fibers; A. Haile-Mariam

Use of Diffusive Optical Fibers for Plant Lighting; T. Kozai, Y. Kitaya, K. Fujiwara, S. Kino, and M. Kinowaki


Filters & Heat Dissipation

Spectral Filtering for Plant Production; R.E.Young, M.J. McMahon, N.C. Rajapakse, and D.R. Decoteau

Principles of Light Energy Management; N.Davis

Heat Dissipation in Controlled Environment Enclosures Through the Application of Water Screens; I.J.Warrington, E.A. Halligan, L.C. Ruby and K.G. McNaughton

Heat Dissipation in Water-Cooled Reflectors; T.Kozai (Short Report)

UV Filters for Artifical Lighting of Plants; T.Döhring, M.Köfferlein, S.Thiel, H.K.Seidlitz, and H.D. Payer (Short Report)



Guidelines for Lighting of Plants in Controlled Environments; T. Tibbitts, J.Sager, G. Deitzer, R. Langhans, L. A. Spomer